# Spiral coil calculator

Here you can calculate the inductance for a given size of a spiral coil wound in one layer. It is optional to add the capacitance for f.ex. a primary tank capacitor or topload capacitance to find the resonant frequency of the LC circuit.

The formulas used to derive the inductance is simplified and correct to within 1%. Source “Harold A. Wheeler, “Simple Inductance Formulas for Radio Coils,” Proceedings of the I.R.E., October 1928, pp. 1398-1400.”

Switch between the input fields to automatically calculate the values.

 Number of turns Turns Inner diameter mm Wire diameter mm Turn spacing mm Outer diameter mm Wire length m Inductance uH Optional extra f.ex. tank capacitance size Capacitance nF Resonant frequency kHz

Formulas used

Outer diameter = inner diameter + ( 2 * number of turns * ( wire diameter + wire spacing))

Wire length = ((Pi * number of turns * (outer diameter + inner diameter)) / 2) / 1000

Inductance
Width w = ((wire diameter / 25.4) + (wire spacing / 25.4)) * number of turns
Radius r = ((inner diameter / 25.4) + w) / 2
Inductance = (radius^2 * number of turns^2) / (8 * radius + 11 * width)

Resonant frequency = (1 / (2 * pi * sqrt((inductance / 1000000) * (capacitance / 1000000000)))) / 1000

# Helical coil calculator

Here you can calculate the inductance for a given size of helical coil wound in one layer. It is optional to add the capacitance for f.ex. a primary tank capacitor or topload capacitance to find the resonant frequency of the LC circuit.

The formulas used to derive the inductance is simplified and correct to within 1%. Source “Harold A. Wheeler, “Simple Inductance Formulas for Radio Coils,” Proceedings of the I.R.E., October 1928, pp. 1398-1400.”

Switch between the input fields to automatically calculate the values.

 Coil diameter mm Number of turns Turns Wire diameter mm Turn spacing mm Wire length meters Coil height mm Inductance uH Optional extra f.ex. tank/topload capacitance size Capacitance nF Resonant frequency kHz

Formulas used

Wire length in meters = ((coil diameter * pi) * number of turns) / 1000

Coil length in mm = number of turns * (wire diameter + turn spacing)

Coil inductance in uH = (number of turns * (((coil diameter / 25.4) / 2)*((coil diameter / 25.4) / 2))) / ((9 * ((coil diameter / 25.4) / 2)) + (10 * (coil length / 25.4)))

Resonant frequency in kHz = (1 / (2 * pi * sqrt((inductance / 1000000) * (capacitance / 1000000000)))) / 1000